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LED Bulbs

Edison Screw fitting base LED bulb

Edison screw fitting is a system of light bulb connectors, developed by Thomas Edison and licensed starting in 1909 under the Mazda trademark. Most have a right-hand threading, so that it goes in when turned clockwise and comes out when turned counterclockwise, like a hardware screw. There are rare instances where these are reversed to deter theft, so that they cannot be used in other light fixtures

E27, E14 Edison Screw LED bulb lighting
bayonet mount LED bulb lights

Larger sizes (E39, E40) are used for higher-powered lighting, generally for lamps of over 250 watts. A tiny E5 or E5.5 size is used only for extra-low voltages, such as in interior illumination for model buildings, and model vehicles such as model trains. These are often called "pea bulbs" if they are globe-shaped, but they commonly look like mini Christmas bulbs, or large "grain-of-wheat" bulbs. E10 bulbs are common on battery-powered flashlights, as are bayonet mounts (although those are usually held in with a circular flange located where the base meets the bulb). The E11 base is sometimes used for expensive 50/75/100-watt halogen lights in North America, where it is called the "mini-can", and tighter threads are apparently used to keep them out of E12-base nightlights and other places where they could start a fire.